Domestic automobile industry in need of policies to raise competitiveness
Vietnam needs to issue special policies for the automobile industry to catch up with other countries in the ASEAN region, said experts at a conference held in Hanoi on 22 October.
Hosted by the Central
Institute for Economic Management (CIEM), experts discussed solutions to
complete tax policies and financial support to boost the development of the
industry of automobile and auto parts.
According to CIEM deputy head Nguyen Thi Tue Anh, the production of automobile and auto parts is one of six key industries of Vietnam.
She said it was needed to clarify the situation, inadequacies and limitations in the implementation of policies as well as proposing solutions while motivating businesses to develop.
Statistics from the Ministry of Industry and Trade shows the country’s automobile business has grown rapidly in recent years. The number of locally-assembled vehicles has annually risen 10% in the period 2015-18, reaching 250,000 units in 2018.
Weak production is one of the reasons the industry failed to cope with the competition on tax cuts, which was eliminated for cars from ASEAN countries last year.
After nearly 20 years of development, there are only segments of passenger cars and trucks meeting local targets of localisation rate (local part supply) at 20% and 45%, respectively.
In term of car with less than nine seats, the localisation rate reached an average of 7-10%, much lower than the set figure. The locally-produced products are simple such as tires, seats, mirrors and batteries. Meanwhile, the localisation rate of countries in the region has reached an average of 70%, even 80% in Thailand.
Nguyen Trung Hieu, head of Policy Department under Vietnam Automobile Manufacturers Association (VAMA), said that by the end of 2018, the country had 358 automobile-related manufacturing enterprises with 50 automobile assembling units, 45 enterprises producing chassis, bodies and trunks and 214 auto parts.
This figure is much lower than other countries in the region such as Malaysia and Thailand, he said.
Hieu added the domestic support industry enterprises have good capacity in some areas such as moulds, bicycle and motorbike components and standard mechanical components.
The automobile industry is about 20 years behind countries in the region such as Thailand and Indonesia, so there should be special policies to encourage businesses to make breakthroughs, Hieu said.
Nguyen Thi Hai Binh, an expert from the finance ministry’s Institute of Financial Strategy and Policy, said it is necessary to focus on studying and planning policies to encourage businesses.
Binh also proposed to exempt special consumption tax on domestically-produced goods, which are not imported from foreign countries, in addition to incentives relevant to land and credit to develop automobile manufacturing complexes in chain.
According to Deputy Chairwoman of Vietnam Association of Supporting Industries Truong Thi Chi Binh, it needed to give more credit incentives to help support industry firms raise competitiveness, like the fund for small and medium enterprises that has given priority to manufacturing and supporting industry firms.